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Séminaires et conférences

par Francois Legrand - 1er février 2011

Aujourd'hui Vendredi 24 Mars 2017


  • Séminaire
    2017-03-27 à 14:00

    The question of how individuals in a population organise when living in groups arises for systems as different as a swarm of microorganisms or a flock of seagulls; and the different patterns for moving collectively involve a complex interaction of a wide spectrum of reasons, such as evading predators, optimising food prospection or diminishing energy consumption. The basic ingredient in such problems is the communication mechanism between individuals, that is to say, the way in which two neighbours sense each other, constituting the fabric of social behaviour. In this work we study the case of fish schooling using a popular aquarium fish, the red nose tetra fish Hemigrammus bleheri. These fish are known to swim in highly cohesive groups and to sense each other both visually and through the lateral line, a system of organs based on the ability of hair cells to detect movement in their environment. In our experiments fish swim in a shallow water tunnel with controlled velocity, and stereoscopic video recordings are used to track the three-dimensional positions of each individual in a school, as well as their tail beating kinematics. Challenging the wide-spread idea of fish favouring a diamond-shaped pattern to swim more efficiently [1], we observe that when fish are forced to swim fast (well above their free-swimming typical velocity, and hence in a situation where efficient swimming would be favoured) the preferred configuration is the "phalanx" or "soldier" formation, with all individuals swimming side-by-side. The latter is shown on the right in the figure, where fish are swimming at 4.3 body lengths (BL) per second, as opposed to the case on the left at 0.8 BL/s, roughly their typical free ranging velocity. We explain this observation considering the advantages of tail-beat synchronisation between neighbours which we have also characterised [2].

    [1] D. Weihs. Hydrodynamics of Fish Schooling. Nature, 242:290–291, 1973.

    [2] I. Ashraf, R. Godoy-Diana, B. Collignon, J. Halloy and B. Thiria Synchronization and col- lective swimming patterns in fish (Hemigrammus bleheri). J. R. Soc. Interface , 13:20160734, 2016.

  • Séminaire
    2017-03-27 à 10:00

    Lundi 27 Mars à 10h, Salle des Séminaires ( 1222-RC-08 ) AMchip (Associative Memory Chip) is an ASIC system with fully parallel architecture designed to perform thousands of pattern machine in few clock cycles in the FTK architecture (Level 2 trigger system). Although the first object of the AMchip was to use in FTK, the AMchip team though of using this chip in other similar pattern recognition applications to prove the efficiency of the chip in other science/engineering fields. Aside from its parallel architecture, which gives unique computation power to AMchip, its interface with peripherals such as host processor through Ethernet, GTX and JTAG are interesting topics, which will be discussed in detail in this seminar. The seminar will mainly focuses on the evaluation of different AMchip infrastructures (hardware, firmware, software) and the application of these infrastructures in genomic sequence analysis.

  • Réunion du vendredi
    Amphi LPNHE
    2017-03-31 à 11:00
    Antoine Letessier-Selvon - CHAMP

Planning des salles du LPNHE
Vendredi 24 Mars 2017

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